Biology

Bihar Board - 12th Class

This syllabus dispenses the information about the subject biology and its contents for class 12 of the Bihar Board. Unlike a curriculum, it does not have a wider scope but we cannot ignore its importance and benefits it has to offer. It is beneficial for both students as well as the teachers. This syllabus is prepared by the Bihar Board, keeping in mind a student’s well-being. In other words, it is ensured that the syllabus is balanced and does not put unnecessary pressure on the student in any sort.


Biology syllabus of class 12

Biology is the study of life in an environment. It involves learning concepts starting from a single-celled microorganism invisible to the naked eye to the evolution of palpable and sophisticated forms like Homo sapiens. These concepts explain the diversity of flora and fauna that exists on the earth. Besides, it has a broader scope, and learning altogether which is very enjoyable. One can see from the syllabus listed below that some important topics are carefully chosen to cater to a young mind's needs. It will inform the reader what is required or expected of them once they are introduced to the topic.

The Chapter include (Chapter-wise):

CHAPTER 01
Sexual Reproduction
CHAPTER 02
Genetics and Evolution
CHAPTER 03
Biology & Human welfare
CHAPTER 04
Biotechnology and its applications
CHAPTER 05
Ecology and environment

Chapter 1 : Sexual Reproduction



  • Pollination and fertilization in flowering plants.

  • Development of seed and fruit

  • Human Reproduction: Reproductive system in male and females, menstrual cycle, production of gametes. Fertilization, implantation, embryo development, pregnancy and parturition.

  • Reproductive health-birth control, contraception and sexually transmitted diseases.

Chapter 2 : Genetics and evolution



  • Mendelian Inheritance

  • Chromosome theory of inheritance, Deviations from Mendelism ratio (Incomplete dominance, Codominance, Multiple alleles)

  • Sex determination in human beings: XX, XY

  • Linkage and crossing over

  • Inheritance pattern of haemophilia and blood groups in human beings

  • DNA, replication, transcription, translation

  • Gene expression and regulation

  • Genome and Human Genome Project

  • DNA Fingerprinting

  • Evolution: Theories and evidences

Chapter 3 : Biology & human welfare



  • Animal Husbandry

  • Basic concepts of immunology, vaccines

  • Pathogens, parasites

  • Plant bleeding, tissue culture, food production

  • Microbes in household food processing, industrial production, Sewage treatment and energy generation

  • Cancer and AIDS

  • Adolescence and drug alcohol abuse

Chapter 4 : Biotechnology & its applications



  • Recombinant DNA technology

  • Applications in Health, Agriculture and Industry

  • Genetically modified (GM) organisms, Biosafety issues

  • Insulin and Bt cotton

Chapter 5 : Ecology and environment



  • Organisms and Populations

  • Ecosystem

  • Biodiversity and its Conservation

  • Environmental Issues

Conclusion


To conclude, this biology syllabus for class 12 outlines the basic introduction of a more prominent topic. It will be an easier task to learn about the chapter once the syllabus is consulted. It not only deals with the essential body functions and organisms but also considers ecology and the environment as part of the subject. Also, human welfare is included in this subject.

Latest Comments

Ramesh 5 Minutes ago

This is awesome explanation!

Ben 5 Minutes ago

Simple way to learn

Neel 5 Minutes ago

Simple way to learn

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